[CML 008208] グランサコネ通信２０１１－１２
maeda at zokei.ac.jp
maeda at zokei.ac.jp
2011年 3月 16日 (水) 18:34:52 JST
THE JAPANESE WORKERS’COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
2-33-10 Minami-Otsuka, Toshima-ku, Tokyo, JAPAN
tel:+81-3-3943-2420 fax:+81-3-5395-3240 e-mail: hmrights at mx16.freecom.
Human Rights Council
15 March 2011
Korean Minorities in Japan
Statement by Mr. Akira MAEDA
Professor of Tokyo Zokei University
on behalf of the
Japanese Workers’Committee for Human Rights (JWCHR)
Geneva, 15 March 2011
I thank to you and all persons here for your support, sympathy and
solidarity to Japanese people suffering from the earthquake and the
following tsunami—without electricity, food and drinking water.
We have reported the situation of minorities in Japan to former
Commission on Human Rights and Human Rights Council for more than 10
years. Unfortunately the situation of minorities in Japan, in short, has
grown worse for 10 years. We welcome the report and presentation of
Forum on Minorities Issue by Ms. Gay McDougal. In this regard, we would
like to introduce you the new violation of human rights of minorities by
Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination recommended in its
concluding observations (CERD/C/JPN/CO/3-6) in 11 March 2010 to the
Japanese government to stop the discriminatory policy against Korean
Minorities in Japan. Committee on Right of Child followed it in 20 June
Nevertheless, Government of Japan has continued to exclude only Korean
minorities from “Free High School Tuition Bill,” whose purpose is to
alleviate the financial burdens of high school education of household.
Surprisingly the discriminatory treatment was ordered directly by Prime
Minister, Mr. Kan himself. It can be said that this is absolute racial
discrimination and political violence
Korean schools are facing the financial difficulty under the
discriminative policy of Japanese government such as non-governmental
aid or non-adaptation of exemption of taxation on donation to school. On
such problem, Human Rights Committee made recommendation in the past (
for example para 31, CCPR/C/JPN/CO/5.) .The financial burden of Korean
minorities is five times than that of Japanese.
In addition, Korean minorities are subjected to attack by Japanese
civilian as often as news of DPR Korea is excessively reported by
Japanese mass media. Korean minorities cannot go out wearing their own
traditional wear because of fear of attacking. Although hate crimes has
increased for dacade, the government has taken no measures to prevent
hate crimes. How can this crazy situation be allowed in Japan?
The Asahi Shimbun, Feb. 24, 2010
EDITORIAL: Free school education
There is no reason to exclude Korean Students.
Just before Diet deliberations begin on a bill to make high school
education tuition-free, Hiroshi Nakai, state minister in charge of the
abduction issue, asked education minister Tatsuo Kawabata to exclude
chosen gakko schools for Korean children in Japan.
North Korea has been developing nuclear arms and missiles, defying
international criticism and sanctions. The country has also refused to
cooperate with Japan in resolving the issue of Japanese citizens
abducted by North Korean agents.
The reason behind Nakai's request appears to be that chosen gakko are
under the influence of the General Association of Korean Residents in
Japan (Chongryon), which supports North Korea.
Japan has good reason to take a tough stance toward North Korea and
exert the necessary diplomatic pressure. But should education for Korean
children in Japan be considered from the same point of view?
Of chosen gakko around the country, 10 are kokyu gakko, the equivalent
of high schools. Nearly 2,000 children attend these schools.
Chosen gakko originated in schools that Koreans established to
reinstate the use of their native language after the end of World War II.
There was a period when these schools conducted strict ideological
education after they came under Pyongyang's influence through Chongryon,
founded in 1955.
The content of education, however, has shifted dramatically through
generational changes among Korean residents.
Most of the classes are given in Korean. But the curriculum is largely
in line with the education ministry's guidelines for Japanese schools,
except for some courses, such as the one on Korean history.
A growing number of Koreans send their children to chosen gakko to
cherish their own language and culture, even though they do not support
the North Korean regime.
There used to be portraits of Kim Il Sung, North Korea's founder, and
Kim Jong Il, his son and the current leader, in all chosen gakko
In response to requests from parents, however, the portraits have been
removed from schools that correspond to elementary and junior high
Such a trend is expected to only grow stronger.
Chosen gakko are all financially strained. The central government
provides no financial aid, although the schools receive local government
Parents bear a heavy financial burden as they are asked to make
donations on top of the annual tuition of about 400,000 yen ($4,400).
With the free tuition bill, the government aims to create a society in
which all high school students can concentrate on studies without
worrying about financing.
The bill, approved by the Cabinet last month, covers not only public
and private high schools and technical colleges but also various
institutions with comparable high school curriculums.
It was assumed that the latter category would include schools for
Brazilians, Chinese and Koreans.
Guaranteeing all children the right to learn, including those with
foreign citizenship, is a basic principle of the Democratic Party of
Japan's education policy. Excluding chosen gakko students, who are
members of Japanese society, from the initiative would go against the
On Tuesday, Kawabata said neither diplomatic considerations nor the
content of education would be a factor in deciding on eligibility for
We suggest that Nakai visit a chosen gakko with Kawabata.
He would find that students are no different from their counterparts
at Japanese schools. They aspire to go on to university, take part in
sports and worry about their future.