[CML 007225] 国際刑事裁判所におけるベンバ裁判と性暴力関連
maeda at zokei.ac.jp
maeda at zokei.ac.jp
2011年 1月 14日 (金) 11:58:40 JST
ICC TRIAL ON WAR-RAPE/VIOLENCE PROSECUTION CONCERNS ABOUT CHARGES
DROPPED, TESTIMONIES NEEDED
By Amy Lieberman - WeNews correspondent
January 6, 2011
Jean-Pierre Bemba's trial marks the first time that sexual violence is
central to an International Criminal Court case. But so far, few female
victims in the Central African Republic are giving testimony and many
charges have been dropped.
UNITED NATIONS (WOMENSENEWS)--The prosecution of Jean-Pierre Bemba,
which resumes Jan. 11 in The Hague, is expected to continue taking
testimony about the sexual violence committed by his troops in the
Central African Republic between 2002 and 2003.
The trial marks the first major prosecution of rape as a weapon of war
and a fulfillment of years of international legal advocacy for female
Three of the four witnesses who testified in Bemba's trial between Nov.
22 and Dec. 6 recounted rapes by Bemba's Congolese troops.
"Witness 38" described watching a young girl get raped in front of her
mother. "Witness 22" described getting gang raped by three soldiers
while her family was held captive in another room, according to
testimony posted on the monitoring site BembaTrial.org.
But despite the focus on rape, Brigid Inder is worried about aspects of
the somewhat showcase trial.
Inder is the executive director of Women's Initiatives for Gender
Justice, a nongovernmental group based in The Hague that looks out for
women's interests in trials at the International Criminal Court, known
as the ICC.
Two Troubling Statistics
So far, her group is troubled by two trial statistics.
No. 1: Forty percent of the charges of sexual violence were dropped
before the trial commenced at the end of November because the judge said
they were redundant with existing charges.
No. 2: Only 39 percent of the 1,051 victims whose testimonies have been
approved in the Bemba trial are female.
"It doesn't represent a lack of interest by women to participate or to
seek justice, nor a diminished desire for accountability," Inder told
Women's eNews in an interview in New York. "The ICC has overlooked the
importance of developing good relationships with women leaders in
The International Criminal Court's public affairs office didn't reply
to e-mail requests for comment.
Arrested in May 2008, Bemba is being charged with war crimes for
allowing his troops to murder, pillage and rape in the Central African
Republic between 2002 and 2003.
Bemba, vice president of the Democratic Republic of Congo from 2003 to
2006 and leader of the opposition group Movement for the Liberation of
Congo, was called in with his rebel group to neighboring Central African
Republic by its president, Ange-Felix Patasse, to fight off an attempted
Dropped Charges Minimize Trauma
Mariana Goetz, International Criminal Court program advisor of REDRESS
Trust, a London-based organization that aids torture survivors, is also
closely watching the trial.
She says the dropped charges of sexual violence and the exclusion of
torture charges are minimizing the trauma suffered by Bemba's alleged
Sexual violence victims from the Central African Republic were
frequently raped collectively in public spaces and in front of friends
and family as a terror tactic, Goetz said.
Court appearances can be dangerous for victims and witnesses. For that
reason, only three victims have appeared before the International
Criminal Court since its establishment in 2002.
More than 600 victim applications are still pending in the Bemba case.
Approval gives victims the right to participate through written
testimony and to potentially receive reparations. It does not require a
Two lawyers from the Central African Republic are representing the 1,
051 victims, who are categorized by geographic location but not by the
nature of human rights abuses, says Inder.