[CML 000502] 日本軍性奴隷制度の解決を求めるNGOウェブ署名

maeda akira maeda at zokei.ac.jp
2009年 6月 29日 (月) 12:31:41 JST

前田 朗です。






Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD)

Petition for Justice for Comfort Women

Japan Military Sexual Slavery - World War II



Government of Japan Must Adhere to CEDAW

and Restore Justice for "Comfort Women"

We, a network of more than 150 women human rights activists and NGOs
across the Asia-Pacific region and the world, are deeply concerned that
the issue of Japan's military sexual slavery during the Second World
War, the so-called "comfort women" issue, remains unresolved even today.

We are dismayed by the fact that the Government of Japan has not
fulfilled its legal obligation to remedy the survivors of "comfort
women" system despite that the acts constitute crimes under
international law as fully examined by UN Special Rapporteur on violence
against women, its causes and consequences (1995, 1996, 1998, 2001 and
2003), UN Special Rapporteur on systematic rape, sexual slavery and
slavery-like practices during armed conflict (1998 and 2000) and ILO
(1996-2009). We are also concerned that the Government of Japan has not
taken measures to address the issue as recommended by various UN human
rights bodies and mechanisms including the Committee on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights (CESCR, 2001), the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1994 and 2003), the Committee
Against Torture (CAT, 2007), the Human Rights Committee (CCPR, 2008) and
the Universal Periodic Review (UPR, 2008) of the Human Rights Council.

The victimised women, euphemistically called "comfort women" at the
time, came from different countries and regions in the Asia-Pacific
region including North and South Korea, China, Taiwan, the Philippines,
Malaysia, the Netherlands, Indonesia, and East Timor. Today, the few
remaining survivors still suffer from the persistent PTSD, poverty,
physical and mental illness not to mention stigma attached to them in
their community. Since the early 1990s, the survivors who broke the 50
years of painful silence and began to speak out about the crimes
committed against them have demanded that the Government of Japan fully
accept legal responsibility and restore justice for these crimes.
Nonetheless, the Government of Japan has never fully accepted that it
was and still is responsible under international law for the sexual
slavery and other forms of violence against women committed by its
Imperial Army during the war.

The wartime sexual slavery by Japan's military was a brutal, inhumane
manifestation of colonialism, militarism, racism, sexism, and class
system. Tens of thousands of women and girls from the Asia-Pacific
region were taken to "comfort stations" and treated as sex slaves of
Japanese solders wherever the Japanese troops were. Most of them were
minors, and from poor, rural and lower class background, some were lured
with false promises for jobs, some were forced after their family
members were brutally killed by the solders.

In the Asia-Pacific region, violence against women in war and conflict
continues. Women have been experiencing various forms of violence
including sexual abuse and rape in conflict zones, under military
dictatorship or special security acts, or in the increasing presence of
soldiers around our community for military drills or as security guards
to protect foreign corporations. Even today, during armed conflicts,
rape is used as a weapon of war to intimidate and humiliate the "enemy",
and perpetrators often escape without facing charges. Increasing
militarisation in the Asia-Pacific region especially Japan's
re-militarisation with its economic interests which serves faithfully to
the US-led "war on terror" as a loyal ally continues to be a major
threat for other Asian countries.

It is crucial that the Government of Japan, one of the most influential
states in the Asia-Pacific region, fulfill its international obligations
and end the cycle of impunity of war time sexual slavery and sexual
violence against women, and by doing so, stop being a negative precedent
in the pursuit of the global community to eliminate all forms of
discrimination against women.

We, the undersigned, strongly call upon the CEDAW committee to once
again urge the Government of Japan to conduct a thorough investigation,
fully accept legal responsibility for the "comfort women" system,
provide a formal and unequivocal apology and other forms of remedy as
recommended by a variety of UN bodies to the survivors and families of
victims of its military sexual slavery, and provide concrete measures to
ensure non-repetition of such crimes when its troops are once again
dispatched outside its own territory as they are today.

Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD)

CML メーリングリストの案内