[CML 000440] 人権理事会「人民の平和への権利」決議

maeda akira maeda at zokei.ac.jp
2009年 6月 24日 (水) 13:37:07 JST


前田 朗です。

6月24日

人権理事会11会期の「人民の平和への権利の促進」決議です。2010年2月
までにワークショップを開いて、平和への権利概念をより明確にしようと述べて
います。

賛成は32カ国。アンゴラ、アルゼンチン、アゼルバイジャン、バーレーン、ボ
リビア、ブラジル、ブルキナファソ、カメルーン、チリ、中国、キューバ、ジブ
チ、エジプト、ガボン、ガーナ、インドネシア、ヨルダン、マダガスカル、マ
レーシア、モーリシャス、メキシコ、ニカラグア、ナイジェリア、パキスタン、
フィリピン、カタール、ロシア、サウジアラビア、セネガル、南アフリカ、ウル
グアイ、ジンバブエ。

反対は13カ国。ボスニア・ヘルツェゴヴィナ、カナダ、フランス、ドイツ、イ
タリア、日本、オランダ、韓国、スロヴァキア、スロヴェニア、スイス、ウクラ
イナ、イギリス。

棄権がインド。

見事な分かれ方です。

11/4 Promotion of the right of peoples to peace

The Human Rights Council,

Recalling all previous resolutions on the promotion of the right of
peoples to peace adopted by the General Assembly, the Commission on
Human Rights and the Human Rights Council,

Taking note of General Assembly resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984,
entitled “Declaration of the Right of Peoples to Peace”, and the United
Nations Millennium Declaration,

Determined to foster strict respect for the Purposes and Principles
enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations,

Bearing in mind that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to
achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of
an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character, and to promote
and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all
without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Underlining, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the
United Nations, its full and active support for the Organization and the
enhancement of its role and effectiveness in strengthening international
peace, security and justice and in promoting the solution of
international problems, and the development of friendly relations and
cooperation among States,

Reaffirming the obligation of all States to settle their international
disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace,
security, human rights and justice are not endangered,

Emphasizing its objective of promoting better relations among all States
and contributing to creating conditions in which their people can live
in true and lasting peace, free from any threat to or attack against
their security,

Reaffirming the obligation of all States to refrain, in their
international relations, from the threat or use of force against the
territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or from
acting in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United
Nations,

Reaffirming also its commitment to peace, security and justice, respect
for human rights and the continuing development of friendly relations
and cooperation among States,

Rejecting the use of violence in the pursuit of political aims, and
stressing that only peaceful political solutions can assure a stable and
democratic future for all peoples around the world,

Reaffirming the importance of ensuring respect for the Purposes and
Principles of the Charter of the United Nations and international law,
including sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence
of States,

Reaffirming also that all peoples have the right to self-determination,
by virtue of which they freely determine their political status and
freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development,

Reaffirming further the Declaration on Principles of International Law
concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance
with the Charter of the United Nations,

Recognizing that peace and security, development and human rights are
mutually interlinked and reinforcing,

Affirming that human rights include social, economic and cultural rights
and the right to peace, a healthy environment and development, and that
development is, in fact, the realization of these rights,

Underlining that the subjection of peoples to alien subjugation,
domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental rights,
is contrary to the Charter and an impediment to the promotion of world
peace and cooperation,

Recalling that everyone is entitled to a social and international order
in which the rights and freedoms set forth in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights can be fully realized,

Convinced of the aim of creating conditions of stability and well-being,
which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations
based on respect for the principle of the equal rights and
self-determination of peoples,

Convinced also that life without war is the primary international
prerequisite for the material well-being, development and progress of
countries and for the full implementation of the rights and fundamental
human freedoms proclaimed by the United Nations,

Convinced further that international cooperation in the field of human
rights contributes to the creation of an international environment of
peace and stability,

1. Reaffirms that the peoples of our planet have a sacred right to peace;

2. Also reaffirms that the preservation of the right of peoples to peace
and the promotion of its implementation constitute a fundamental
obligation of all States;

3. Stresses the importance of peace for the promotion and protection of
all human rights for all;

4. Also stresses that the deep fault line that divides human society
between the rich and the poor and the ever-increasing gap between the
developed and developing worlds pose a major threat to global
prosperity, peace, human rights, security and stability;

5. Further stresses that peace and security, development and human
rights are the pillars of the United Nations system and the foundations
for collective security and well-being;

6. Emphasizes that ensuring the exercise of the right of peoples to
peace and its promotion demand that the policies of States be directed
towards the elimination of the threat of war, particularly nuclear war,
the renunciation of the use or threat of use of force in international
relations and the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means
on the basis of the Charter of the United Nations;

7. Affirms that all States should promote the establishment, maintenance
and strengthening of international peace and security and an
international system based on respect for the Principles enshrined in
the Charter and the promotion of all human rights and fundamental
freedoms, including the right to development and the right of peoples to
self-determination;

8. Urges all States to respect and to put into practice the Principles
and Purposes of the Charter in their relations with all other States,
irrespective of their political, economic or social systems, or of their
size, geographical location or level of economic development;

9. Reaffirms the duty of all States, in accordance with the Principles
of the Charter, to use peaceful means to settle any dispute to which
they are parties and the continuance of which is likely to endanger the
maintenance of international peace and security, and encourages States
to settle their disputes as early as possible, as an important
contribution to the promotion and protection of all human rights of
everyone and all peoples;

10. Underlines the vital importance of education for peace as a tool to
foster the realization of the right of peoples to peace, and encourages
States, United Nations specialized agencies and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations to contribute actively to this endeavour;

11. Reiterates its request to the United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights to convene, before February 2010, and taking into account
previous practices, a workshop on the right of peoples to peace, with
the participation of experts from all regions of the world, in order to:

(a) Further clarify the content and scope of this right;

(b) Propose measures that raise awareness of the importance of realizing
this right;

(c) Suggest concrete actions to mobilize States, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations in the promotion of the right of peoples
to peace;

12. Requests the High Commissioner to report on the outcome of the
workshop to the Council at its fourteenth session;

13. Invites States and relevant United Nations human rights mechanisms
and procedures to continue to pay attention to the importance of mutual
cooperation, understanding and dialogue in ensuring the promotion and
protection of all human rights;

14. Decides to continue considering the issue at its fourteenth session
under the same agenda item.

27th meeting

17 June 2009

[Adopted by a recorded vote of 32 to 13, with 1 abstention. The voting
was as follows:

In favour: Angola, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bolivia, Brazil,
Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chile, China, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon,
Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, SouthAfrica, Uruguay, Zambia;

Against: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
Netherlands, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland,
Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

Abstaining: India.]



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