[CML 000439] 人権理事会「女性に対する暴力」決議

maeda akira maeda at zokei.ac.jp
2009年 6月 24日 (水) 10:27:25 JST


前田 朗です。

6月24日

人権理事会11会期における女性に対する暴力に関する決議です。6月17日
に、無投票、つまり全会一致で採択。

女性に対する暴力を根絶するために、各国にさまざまな努力を要請しています。
国連安保理事会決議2000年1325に続き、2008年1820にも言及。
近年の国際社会における女性に対する暴力への関心の高まりを反映しています。

11/2 Accelerating efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women

The Human Rights Council,

Reaffirming the obligation of all States to promote and protect all
human rights and fundamental freedoms, and reaffirming also that
discrimination on the basis of sex is contrary to the Charter of the
United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women and other international human rights instruments, and that its
elimination is an integral part of efforts towards the elimination of
violence against women and girls,

Reaffirming also the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, the
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, the Beijing
Declaration and Platform for Action, the Cairo Programme of Action, the
outcome of the twenty-third special session of the GeneralAssembly
entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the
twenty-first century”, and the Declaration adopted at the forty-ninth
session of the Commissionon the Statusof Women,

Reaffirming further Council resolutions 6/30 of 14 December 2007 on
integrating the human rights of women throughout the United Nations
system, and 7/24 of 28 March 2008 on the elimination of violence against
women, all resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights on the
elimination of violence against women, General Assembly resolution
63/155 of 30January 2009 on the intensification of efforts to eliminate
all forms of violence against women and all other Assembly resolutions
relevant to the elimination of all forms of violence against women, and
Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000) of 31 October 2000 and
1820(2008) of 19 June 2008 on women, peace and security,

Deeply concerned that all forms of discrimination, including racism,
racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and multiple
or aggravated forms of discrimination and disadvantage, can lead to the
particular targeting or vulnerability to violence of girls and some
groups of women, such as women belonging to minority groups, indigenous
women, refugee and internally displaced women, migrant women, women
living in rural or remote communities, destitute women, women in
institutions or in detention, women with disabilities, elderly women,
widows and women in situations of armed conflict, women who are
otherwise discriminated against, including on the basis of HIV status,
and victims of commercial sexual exploitation,

Recalling the inclusion of gender-related crimes and crimes of sexual
violence in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, and
the recognition by the ad hoc international criminal tribunals that rape
can constitute a war crime, a crime against humanity or a constitutive
act with respect to genocide or torture,

Stressing the importance of a comprehensive, well-coordinated, effective
and adequately resourced response by the United Nations system to all
forms of violence against women and girls,

Stressing also the need for renewed political will and enhanced efforts
to overcome obstacles and challenges faced by States in addressing,
preventing, investigating, prosecuting and punishing the perpetrators of
all forms of violence against women and girls,

Welcoming the holding of the Council’s panel discussion on 5 June 2008
on the theme “Violence against women: identification of priorities”,

Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General on the intensification of
efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women (A/63/214),

1. Stresses that “violence against women” means any act of gender-based
violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or
psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such
acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in
public or private life;

2. Strongly condemns all acts of violence against women and girls,
whether they be perpetrated by the State, private persons or non-State
actors, and calls for the elimination of all forms of gender-based
violence in the family, within the general community and where
perpetrated or condoned by the State, in accordance with the Declaration
on the Elimination of Violence against Women, and stresses the need to
treat all forms of violence against women and girls as a criminal
offence, punishable by law, and the duty to provide access to just and
effective remedies and specialized assistance to victims, including
medical and psychological assistance, as well as effective counselling;

3. Stresses that States have the obligation to promote and protect all
human rights and fundamental freedoms of women and girls and must
exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate, prosecute and punish the
perpetrators of violence against women and girls and provide protection
to the victims, and that failure to do so violates and impairs or
nullifies the enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms;

4. Calls upon States to enact and, where necessary, reinforce or amend
domestic legislation, including measures to enhance the protection of
victims, to investigate, prosecute, punish and redress the wrongs done
to women and girls subjected to any form of violence, whether in the
home, the workplace, the community or society, in custody or in
situations of armed conflict, to ensure that such legislation conforms
with relevant international human rights instruments and international
humanitarian law, to abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and
practices which constitute discrimination against women, to remove
gender bias in the administration of justice, and to take action to
investigate and punish persons who perpetrate acts of violence against
women and girls;

5. Also calls upon States to support initiatives undertaken by women’s
organizations and non-governmental organizations on the elimination of
violence against women and girls and to establish and/or strengthen, at
the national level, collaborative relationships with relevant
non-governmental and community-based organizations, and public and
private sector institutions, aimed at the development and effective
implementation of provisions and policies relating to violence against
women and girls, including in the area of support services, assistance
redress and empowerment of victims;

6. Urges States and the UnitedNations system to give attention to,
andencourages greater international cooperation in, systematic research
and the collection, analysis and dissemination of data, including data
disaggregated by sex, age and other relevant information, on the extent,
nature and consequences of violence against women and girls, and onthe
impact and effectiveness of policies and programmes for combatingthis
violence, and, in this context, welcomes the establishment of the
Secretary-General’s coordinated database on violence against women, and
urges States and the United Nations system to regularly provide
information for inclusion in the database;

7. Encourages States to supply information on all forms of violence
against women and girls in their reports submitted to the Committee on
the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and other relevant
treaty bodies;

8. Also encourages States to implement Security Council resolutions 1325
(2000) and1820 (2008) to contribute to their efforts to eliminate all
forms of violence against women and girls;

9. Notes with appreciation the work of the Special Rapporteur on
violence against women, its causes and consequences, including her
latest report (A/HRC/11/6) on the political economy of women’s human rights;

10. Encourages the Special Rapporteur to consider in future reporting
the needs of women who experience multiple forms of discrimination, and
to examine effective measures to respond to those situations;

11. Stresses the importance of accelerating efforts to eliminate all
forms of violence against women and girls, its causes and consequences
throughout its work, and in this regard:

(a) Encourages States to ensure that eliminating violence against women
and girls is given due attention in the work of the Council, including
relevant Council processes and debates, including the universal periodic
review;

(b) Requests that special procedures of the Council ensure that due
consideration is given to violence against women and girls within their
respective mandates;

(c) Encourages all relevant stakeholders to give due attention to all
forms of violence against women and girls in their work with the Council
and its mechanisms;

(d) Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights to convene in2010, within existing resources, in
cooperation with other relevant entities of the United Nations system,
an expert workshop open to the participation of governments, regional
organizations and experts from different legal systems, that would
discuss specific measures for overcoming obstacles and challenges States
may face in preventing, investigating, prosecuting and punishing the
perpetrators of violence against women and girls, as well as measures
for providing protection, support, assistance and redress for victims,
and requests the Office to prepare, within existing resources, a summary
report to be submitted to the Council;

(e) Invites the Office of the High Commissioner to include violence
against women and girls in its reporting on integrating the human rights
of women throughout the United Nations system.

12. Requests United Nations organs and bodies, specialized agencies and
intergovernmental organizations, and encourages the human rights treaty
bodies, to continue to give consideration to violence against women and
girls within their respective mandates;

13. Calls upon relevant United Nations entities within their respective
mandates to support, upon request, the follow-up by States to relevant
recommendations of special procedures, concluding observations of treaty
bodies and outcomes of the universal periodic review to prevent violence
against women and girls, protect victims of such violence and prosecute
the perpetrators;

14. Stresses that challenges and obstacles remain in the implementation
of international standards and norms to address the inequality between
men and women, and violence against women in particular, and pledges to
intensify action to ensure their full and accelerated implementation;

15. Decides to continue consideration of the issue of the elimination of
all forms of violence against women, its causes and consequences, as a
matter of high priority, in conformity with its annual programme of work.

27th meeting

17 June 2009

[Adopted without a vote.]



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